Uzbekistan is exploring the possibility of cooperation with the Republic of Korea in the field of nuclear energy
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) -- A delegation of Uzbekistan led by the First Deputy Minister of Energy - Director General of UzAtom Agency to study the possibility of establishing cooperation in the field of nuclear energy and to study the experience of building nuclear power plants held negotiations with Korea Electric Power Corporation in South Korea , Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power, Hyundai Engineeringand Construction, Doosan Heavy Energy, Korean Nuclear Association and visited one of the world’s largest operating nuclear power plants - Kori NPP with an installed capacity of 7743 MW (8 reactors in the first and second phase).
The first reactor at Kori NPP with a capacity of 607 MW was put into operation in 1977 and after exactly 40 years of successful operation, having generated a total of 148.6 billion kWh of electric energy, it was shut down.
The delegation of Uzbekistan at the nuclear power plant visited the construction site of 5 and 6 power units (second phase) with a total capacity of 2800 MW. The commissioning of these reactors is scheduled for 2023 and 2024, respectively.
Also, the delegation visited the new 4-unit (second phase), put into commercial operation on 29 August 2019, and studied in detail the functioning and operation process by visiting the turbine island, central operator’s, spent nuclear fuel storage area, etc.
It should be noted that the Republic of Korea has 4 large nuclear power plants and with 25 operating reactors (24,866 MW), takes 5th place in the world in terms of generation and 6th in terms of installed capacity of nuclear power plants.
To date, only 4 1,400 MW (APR) reactors are under construction, which fully comply with post-Fukushima safety requirements.
Nuclear power plays an important role both in ensuring the energy security of South Korea and in its economic development, as the country does not have its own hydrocarbon reserves and imports up to 98% of all energy resources.
According to the results of 2018, the share of nuclear power plants in the structure of electricity generation amounted to 23.7% (127 billion kWh).
An important factor in the development of South Korean nuclear energy is that it has a complete chain of necessary technologies - from the production of all equipment and components necessary for the construction of nuclear power plants to the production of fuel cells.
At the same time, South Korea exports nuclear technology to foreign countries. A case in point is the large-scale construction project of the Barak NPP in the United Arab Emirates with an installed capacity of 5600 MW (4 APR 1400 reactors manufactured by the South Korean company Doosan).
The Ministry of Energy in order to ensure the country’s energy security, diversify electricity generation and reduce the excessive dependence of the generation sphere on hydrocarbons (in 2018 more than 90% of generation due to natural gas and coal), with technical assistance from the World Bank, Asian Bank and international consultants developed the concept of fuel and energy support of the country until 2030, providing for the construction of more than 10,000 MW of large renewable energy facilities (with course, wind and hydroelectric power), as well as 2400 MW nuclear power plant.
Due to the successful implementation of the above projects and the modernization of existing hydropower plants by 2030, the share of renewable energy in the generation structure will be more than 31%, and nuclear energy up to 15%.