New Law “On Courts” enters into force
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) – On 28 July 2021, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan signed the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On Courts”, according to which the judicial system in the Republic of Uzbekistan consists of:
–The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
–The Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
–Courts of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, regional and Tashkent city courts;
–Administrative Court of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, administrative courts of regions and the city of Tashkent;
–Interdistrict, district, city courts for civil cases;
–District, city courts for criminal cases;
–Interdistrict, district, city economic courts;
–Interdistrict administrative courts.
Specialization of judges by categories of cases can be carried out in Uzbekistan. The creation of emergency courts is not allowed.
According to article 4 of the Law, the main tasks of the court are to protect the rights and freedoms of citizens, state and public interests, rights and legally protected interests of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs guaranteed by the Constitution and other laws, international treaties of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as international acts on human rights. The activities of the court are aimed at ensuring the rule of law, social justice, civil peace and harmony.
Article 63 of the Law establishes that the independence of judges is ensured:
- the procedure for electing, appointing them to office, suspending and terminating the powers of a judge established by law;
- the inviolability of a judge;
–Strict procedure for administering justice;
- secret consultation of judges when making decisions and prohibition to demand its disclosure;
- liability established by law for contempt of a judge, interference with the administration of justice and violation of the immunity of a judge;
–Provision of material and social security to the judge at the expense of the state, corresponding to his high status.
The adoption of legislative acts limiting the independence of a judge is not allowed. The judge, members of his family and their property are under the special protection of the state.
According to article 64 of the Law, the personality of a judge is inviolable. The inviolability of a judge extends to his home, office, vehicle and means of communication used by him, his correspondence, things and documents belonging to him.
In order to ensure the personal safety of judges, according to the list determined by the Chairman of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan, they are issued with service weapons and personal protective equipment with the right to keep, wear and use them. Where necessary, by order of the chairman of the relevant court, the body of internal affairs shall provide the judge and his family with armed guards.
Penetration into the dwelling or office of the judge, the transport he uses, the conduct of an inspection, search or seizure there, wiretapping of his telephone conversations, a personal search and a personal search of the judge, as well as the inspection, seizure or seizure of his correspondence, belongings and documents may not be carried out otherwise than by a court decision or with the sanction of the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
In accordance with article 60 of the Law, a judge who is first elected or appointed to office takes up office after taking the following oath:
"I solemnly swear to honestly and conscientiously perform my duties, to administer justice, obeying only the law, to be impartial, objective and fair, as the duty of a judge and my conscience tell me."
The new law invalidated the law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On Courts” from 02 September 1993.