The level of development of entrepreneurship in the regions was assessed in Uzbekistan
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) -- The level of business development in all regions of Uzbekistan for 2020 has been studied through the online information system “BUSINESS INDICATOR”.
Dilshod Abduazizov, an employee of the Presidential Administration of the Republic of Uzbekistan, spoke about the rating assessment of the level of development of entrepreneurship in the regions in 2020.
In Uzbekistan, a system of rating assessment of the socio-economic development of regions was introduced, on the basis of which economic indicators, the environment for supporting business, infrastructure and the level of use of available resources in regions and cities were studied.
In accordance with the Government resolution “On Measures to Implement a System for Assessing the Level of Entrepreneurship Development in the Regions of the Republic”, from 2020, the Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of Economic Development and Poverty Reduction introduced an automated information online system "Business indicator".
The online system for calculating and assessing entrepreneurship development indicators is a 25-point indicator provided by responsible organizations and surveys of entrepreneurs in 4 areas.
The assessment of the level of development of entrepreneurship in the regions is carried out regularly based on the results of half a year and a year.
Results of a study to assess the level of development of entrepreneurship in the regions of Uzbekistan at the end of 2020.
Compared to 2016, Uzbekistan made a sharp leap to improve the business environment. State (regional) support has become one of the factors in the development of entrepreneurship.
As a result of the measures taken to support entrepreneurship, in particular the provided benefits on taxes, loans and utility bills, a moratorium on inspections of business entities, expansion of financial support, positive trends were revealed in 2020 in a number of areas.
Thus, the number of cases of damage to real estate owned by entrepreneurs decreased 13 times (96 cases, in 2019 - 1260).
The amount of compensation for interest payments on loans to entrepreneurs increased 3 times (2.8 trillion soums, in 2019 - 855 billion soums).
The analysis showed an increase in the number of entrepreneurs in continuous activities over the past three years, their number increased by 32.5% and amounted to 26% of the total number of entrepreneurs (in 2019 - 21%).
In addition, disputes considered in economic and administrative courts with the participation of entrepreneurs decreased by 44% (97.6 thousand, in 2019 - 173.3 thousand), and the number of inspections of business entities decreased by 8.5% (52 , 3 thousand, in 2019 - 57.2 thousand).
In connection with the quarantine, many enterprises were forced to temporarily close, there was a decrease in aggregate demand and an increase in the proportion of unemployed. Travel restrictions, social distancing and imposed lockdowns designed to reduce the spread of the virus have had an impact on the economy.
Thus, the compulsory debt of entrepreneurs to the state increased by 3.4 times (690 billion soums, in 2019 - 206 billion soums).
At the same time, the amount of overdue loans to entrepreneurs increased by 63% (4.8 trillion soums, in 2019 - 3.0 trillion soums).
The analysis revealed a decrease in the level of effective use of vacant land from 72% to 37%.
According to the survey, more than 25 thousand entrepreneurs in 2020 noted an improvement in the quality of banking services, infrastructure and business confidence in government bodies compared to 2019.
At the same time, 44% of respondents were engaged in compulsory sponsorship, and 40% doubted the fairness of court decisions.
Based on the results of the study, a rating of cities in regions and districts of the republic was compiled.
According to the assessment results, the highest level of business development was recorded in Tashkent (7.8 points). The lowest rates were recorded in Kashkadarya (4.5 points), Surkhandarya (4.5 points) and Samarkand (4.6 points) regions.
The leaders were Bektemir (9.0 points), Moynak (8.9 points), Kurgantepa, Yakkasaray and Karmana (8.4 points) districts. Bakhmal (6.3 points), Buvayda (6.4 points), Tuprakkala, Uchkuprik, Samarkand, Bekabad and Yangiyul districts (6.5 points) took the last places in the ranking.