Education and training system: a new stage of development discussed
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) -- Under the chairmanship of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev, a video conference was held today on improving the education and upbringing system, accelerating the development of science in the country.
As the head of state noted in his speech on the Day of Teachers and Mentors, science, education, upbringing are the cornerstone of development, a force that multiplies the power of the country.
Therefore, in Uzbekistan significant efforts and funds are directed at the comprehensive development of the education system, training of qualified personnel. Qualitative changes are taking place in the systems of preschool, school and higher education, as well as in the activities of research institutions.
“We are a people striving for enlightenment who have always respected the teacher. When I talk about a teacher, a mentor, I imagine the most respected and dear people for me, intelligent and modern, sincere and kind. After all, it was the teacher who taught us all and gave us education along with our dear parents, - said the head of state at the beginning of the meeting. “Today we are laying the foundation for a new era of development in Uzbekistan. In this process, our closest assistants are teachers and mentors, scientific and creative intelligentsia.
It was emphasized that the life of every family, every child is inextricably linked with the school, and the school issue is a matter of paramount importance for the state, for the whole society.
“We all trust teachers and mentors with our most valuable asset - the life and fate of our dear children. Therefore, we all must pay due attention to these worthy people who protect this priceless wealth and create the future,” the President said.
It was noted at the meeting that the effectiveness of the current processes of modernization, the success of reforms and transformations depend on school education and training of personnel of a new formation. Therefore, a lot depends on school principals and teachers - selfless people who bring knowledge, culture and spirituality to villages and cities. Schools should be not only an educational institution, but also a cultural and intellectual center of the makhalla.
As you know, in order to further improve the education and upbringing system of the country, accelerate the development of science, a draft presidential decree was developed. The document was posted on the regulation.gov.uz portal and was widely discussed in all regions, local kengash and school collectives with the participation of parents.
The draft decree sets out the goals, the achievement of which will allow solving the current problems in education, as well as the expected results for the next five years and guidelines for further development.
In particular, concrete solutions are proposed on such issues as increasing the authority and status of teachers in society, a complete revision of school curricula and methods, linking school education with the next stages of education, creating conditions and encouraging teachers to improve themselves, freeing them from unnecessary paperwork, improving the infrastructure and spiritual environment in schools.
An important role will be played by a radical change in the approaches of local leaders and local kengashes to this issue, the introduction of mechanisms of responsibility and accountability.
At the video conference, problems in the field of education and the tasks of improving the quality of education were discussed.
The head of state emphasized that it is necessary, first of all, to revise the teaching load and the number of lessons in schools, to create a methodology aimed not at rote memorization of the material, but encouraging students to reason and analyze.
The experience of Finland was cited as an example. It is one of the most advanced countries in the world in general literacy, science and mathematics.
“If you do not change the teaching methodology in schools, neither the quality of education, nor the content, nor the environment will change,” Shavkat Mirziyoyev said.
The importance of studying and introducing the world’s best curricula and teaching methods in the country’s secondary schools was emphasized. The Ministry of Public Education was instructed to develop a National Curriculum on the basis of the experience learned and begin its experimental implementation in the educational process starting from the 2021/2022 academic year.
For the effective introduction of the new methodology, all school teachers will be trained via video communication with the participation of foreign experts. At the same time, pedagogical universities and institutes will be involved in the process, and the methodology for training teachers will be updated. The best foreign textbooks on school subjects of mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology and computer science will also be studied.
The President reminded the khokims of their personal responsibility for solving such economic issues of schools as renovation, improvement, heating.
The importance of attracting graduates who have not been able to enter universities to engage in professions or entrepreneurship is indicated. In this regard, from next year it is planned to introduce the practice of studying the interests and stage-by-stage career guidance of students starting from the 7th grade. Industrial, agricultural and service enterprises will be assigned to schools.
The need to develop a rating of schools and, on this basis, to compile a rating of the quality of education in the context of districts, cities and regions is indicated. The ranking will assess the performance of school principals and their deputies, teachers, khokims and their educational advisers.
School principals that are in the top five of the rating will be paid a supplement from the local budget. In addition, the heads and methodologists of the departments of public education, directors and 2 leading school teachers who took the first and second places in the district rating, will be provided annually with free two-week vouchers to sanatoriums at the expense of trade unions. There are other methods of encouraging selfless teachers.
At the meeting, special attention was paid to the issues of improving the qualifications of teachers.
Today, teachers undergo advanced training every 5 years, and management personnel - every 3 years. However, this is not enough to fully cover all teachers. In this regard, this year, all 11 thousand school teachers of Syrdarya region are taking distance courses for advanced training as an experiment.
Next year, distance learning will be organized for teachers from Bukhara, Samarkand, Ferghana regions and the city of Tashkent. Tashkent State Pedagogical University will be determined as a base university for advanced training of teachers. The Avloni Institute for Advanced Studies will function as a research institute for advanced study of educational problems.
It was noted that it is necessary to radically revise the procedure for determining the category of teachers.
Of the more than 490 thousand teachers working today in the public education system, 4 percent have the highest, 15 percent - the first category. The current 4-stage certification system remains overly bureaucratic.
In this regard, the responsible persons were instructed to simplify the procedure for assigning categories, to switch to a two-stage system that allows assessing the knowledge of teachers throughout the year.
Another problem is the lack of congestion in some schools due to the low quality of education and insufficient material and technical base. Thus, in 32 schools in the city of Tashkent, the level of enrollment of students is low.
In connection with the creation of broad conditions for private educational institutions in our country, it was proposed next year, as an experiment, to transfer unloaded schools to trust on a competitive basis.
The issues of implementation of modern management in schools were also touched upon. From now on, school principals will be appointed on a competitive basis in agreement directly with local kengash. Each candidate will have to submit their own program to improve the school’s performance over the next 3 years and report to the kengash annually.
The main goal of these measures is to organize the efficient operation of schools, eliminate illegal interference in the work of principals and eliminate staff turnover.
School is not only an educational institution, but also a place for spiritual and moral education. The head of state emphasized the need to involve local poets and writers in this work, monthly payments for their activities from the fund of school directors and local budgets.
It is important to create healthy competition in the field of higher education and increase coverage, create at least one non-state university in each region.
- The issues discussed today require a high level of responsibility from leaders at all levels - from school principals to the Prime Minister. This seemingly imperceptible work will become a powerful source capable of radically changing the face of the entire country and state in the next 10-15 years, the President said.
Parliamentarians and deputies of local kengashes were advised to bring changes in the education system to the attention of the population and increase a sense of ownership, take control of the execution of the decree after its adoption and provide practical assistance with their experience.
During the meeting, khokims, university rectors, school directors and teachers expressed their views on improving the quality and effectiveness of education.