Demonstration sites created in Bukhara and Kashkadarya regions for the introduction of new agricultural technologies, crops and varieties.
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) -- Within the framework of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) project "Integrated management of natural resources in drought-prone and saline agricultural landscapes of Central Asia and Turkey" in order to ensure the efficient use of land and water resources, increase crop yields of agricultural crops, sustainable management of dry and saline agricultural lands in Bukhara and Kashkadarya regions, demonstration sites have been created for the introduction of new agricultural technologies, crops and varieties.
Within the framework of the project, the farmers of the Bukhara region were provided with the latest equipment - a direct seeding machine made in Brazil and an American-made laser planner, with a total value of over 35 thousand US dollars.
During the events with the participation of specialists from the FAO Representation in Uzbekistan, the principles of the new equipment were demonstrated in practice. A presentation of methods of laser soil leveling was carried out as a measure to improve irrigation processes and crop rotations, suitable for conservation and resource conservation agriculture.
It is expected that at the end of the project, improved water and soil management practices will be fully implemented in the work of farmers in Bukhara region, and a program to disseminate information on these methods will be prepared for further large-scale implementation of conservation and conservation agriculture (CA).
PDP is one of the most promising modern methods for tackling drought-related problems. It is based on three principles: minimal disturbance of the soil, the normal condition and productivity of which is the basis of each approach; permanent soil cover with plant residues or live (green) crops to reduce water loss, reduce erosion and protect soil from harsh extreme climatic conditions; diversification of crops (crop rotation). RPH also has economic benefits for farmers such as immediate cost savings immediately after the introduction of CA technologies by reducing agronomic activities. This fact is a significant advantage for low-income farmers during a period of high growth in prices for fuel and lubricants. Saving fuel and lubricants also helps to improve the carbon balance from land use.
Laser leveling is a process in which the ground is leveled using laser-equipped dragline buckets to create a continuous 0 to 0.2% grade. This technique requires tractors and scrapers equipped with global positioning systems (GPS) and laser-guided instruments. The soil is moved by either cutting or filling so that the required slope / level is formed. Improved water availability can reduce water costs and 40% of plant populations by up to 30%, saving weeding time from 21 to 5 workdays per hectare. This increases the yield of agricultural crops.