Additional measures to ensure youth and women employment identified
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) -- On 14 July, a video-conference was held under the chairmanship of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev on increasing employment of youth and women, providing them with a source of income.
For half a year now, the whole world has been living in conditions of enhanced quarantine. In this difficult period, the main problem remains the support of needy segments of the population, providing them with a source of income.
Of the total number of unemployed in Uzbekistan, 732 thousand are young people, 834 thousand are women.
To effectively solve the problems of youth, on 30 June 2020, the Presidential Decree "On measures for radical reform and raising to a new level of state youth policy in the Republic of Uzbekistan" was adopted. In accordance with the document, the Agency for Youth Affairs was created, which has the necessary powers and financial resources to implement the state youth policy.
A vertical system for working with women has been created at the Ministry for the Support of Mahallas and Family.
At the meeting, the head of state emphasized the importance of addressing the problems of youth and women, and also outlined areas requiring special attention.
First of all, the issues of training and employment of school graduates were discussed. This year, 452 thousand boys and girls will graduate from comprehensive schools. Of these, 70 thousand will be able to get higher education, 85 thousand - professional education. It was noted that even if more than 95 thousand people were employed, it was necessary to provide work for another 200 thousand young people.
Therefore, it is planned to introduce a system of vocational training at school. Starting from the next school year, school principals and teachers will receive higher salaries depending on students entering the university, mastering the profession and getting a job. For this, starting from the 7th grade, the interests of students in certain professions are revealed. Students in grades 8–9 will acquire knowledge and skills that will become the basis for mastering such promising professions as a programmer, designer, translator. Starting from the 10th grade, training will begin on such popular professions as robotics and programming.
It was entrusted to establish 136 centers of vocational training in mahallas by the end of the year, to organize short-term courses in them, and to equip 31 vocational training centers. It is indicated that 200 billion soums should be allocated from the Anti-Crisis Fund to the Employment Promotion Fund, and training courses should be organized primarily in the mahallas with the highest poverty rates.
The meeting also analyzed the current demand in the labor market and the willingness of young people to provide it.
In the new academic year, it is planned to train 215 thousand young people in 339 vocational schools, 212 colleges and 175 technical schools. However, the areas of study in these educational institutions neither quantitatively nor qualitatively meet the requirements.
For example, in the context of large-scale construction unfolding in our country, at least 50 thousand professional builders a year are required. However, in 170 construction colleges it is planned to train only 13 thousand specialists.
Or, despite the launch of the One Million Programmers project, only 12,000 applicants will be admitted to vocational schools, colleges and technical schools in the field of ACT.
Criticizing such shortcomings, the head of state instructed to identify the real need for working professions in the labor market in the context of each industry and sphere, to develop a training program for especially demanded professions with the involvement of foreign specialists.
It was noted that large enterprises and clusters in the mining, metallurgy, oil and gas, chemical, automotive, construction, electrical, pharmaceutical, food, transport and logistics sectors, receiving state benefits and preferences, should themselves create the infrastructure for training workers. Responsible persons were given instructions on this issue.
The Ministry of Employment and Labor Relations has been instructed, together with commercial banks, to organize training for young people in modern agricultural technologies.
As you know, during his trips to the regions of the country, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev visits IT-parks, pays special attention to projects in the field of information technology. Because in this area there are great opportunities for providing young people with highly paid jobs.
This issue was also discussed at a video conference call. It was entrusted to create training centers on information technologies in each district and city at departments for youth affairs and universities.
This year, “target plans” for the employment of 380 thousand unemployed youth were developed and approved by local kengashes. As a result, over the past six months, 270 thousand young men and women have been employed.
At the meeting, it was noted that the implementation of the program is not always carried out uniformly, the responsible persons received a warning.
It was emphasized that by the end of the year it is possible to create at least 10 thousand new jobs through the implementation of 2.2 thousand youth projects worth 360 billion soums.
Another important innovation for young people will be the creation of a venture fund under the State Fund for the Support of Entrepreneurship. Initially, US$1 million will be transferred to the venture.
In addition, by organizing a competition of startup projects, at least 10 of the best projects in each region, and starting next year, at least 20 of the best projects will receive grants ranging from 50 to 200 million soums. In addition, young people will receive subsidies for the construction of wells, the purchase of irrigation equipment, the installation of greenhouses, the purchase of seeds and seedlings.
Young entrepreneurs will be reimbursed for the costs of consulting services in legal, accounting, marketing, banking and other matters. The President gave the responsible persons instructions regarding these measures.
A video conference also focused on employment and improving the social conditions of women.
It was noted with regret that about 20 thousand women in the regions live in difficult conditions, many of them are on preventive care.
The Ministry for the Support of the Mahalla and the Family has been instructed to organize short-term training courses on motivation and vocational training for 33,380 women.
It was entrusted to compile a list of women’s business projects for each district and city, to finance them monthly, to allocate simplified loans and grants as part of the women’s entrepreneurship program.
Young people and women intending to receive microloans will be trained in entrepreneurship for free, and 5,000 young people and women will be employed annually. A loan of the Fund for Reconstruction and Development in the amount of US$2 million will be allocated for these purposes, which, inter alia, is provided for by the President’s decree on financing the development of entrepreneurship and small industrial zones, signed on 14 July. These funds will be provided by microfinance and non-governmental organizations for the allocation of soft microloans in villages with high youth and female unemployment. Since non-governmental organizations train and create 2-3 times more jobs using fewer resources than commercial banks. The return on loans is also much higher than in banks.
Therefore, it was decided to hold a competition among non-governmental organizations and introduce a system of grants to the best training centers.
The importance of accelerating projects to ensure the employment of 15 thousand women in the framework of World Bank funds in the amount of US$2 million was emphasized.
On the issues discussed at the meeting, reports were received from senior leaders, khokims of Andijan, Namangan and Ferghana regions on their experience.
To ensure the employment of youth and women and to create, through this, sources of stable income for families is the main goal laid down in the basis of the measures outlined by the head of state.