Uzbekistan adopted the Concept of supplying the country with electric energy for 2020–2030
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) -- Uzbekistan has adopted the Concept of supplying the country with electric energy for 2020–2030. This was reported by the press service of the Ministry of Energy.
The document, developed with the participation of international experts, was approved by the Government of Uzbekistan.
The strategy defines medium-term and long-term goals for the period from 2020 to 2030 and will be adjusted as necessary based on ongoing analysis.
The strategic goal of the document is to provide the population and economy of Uzbekistan with electricity at competitive prices, the development of a balanced energy sector, covering the best international practices and current trends in the global electricity industry.
The Concept envisages priority measures aimed at: modernizing and reconstructing existing power plants, as well as building new ones using energy-efficient technologies for generating electricity; improvement of electricity metering systems; development of renewable energy sources, especially solar energy; legal reforms to improve tariff policies and ensure the transition to the wholesale market.
It is planned that by 2030 it is necessary to increase capacities from 12.9 GW to 29.3 GW, and electricity production from 63.6 billion kWh to 120.8 kWh.
The capacity of thermal power plants using natural gas will be 13.4 GW (45%), coal - 1.7 GW (5.9%), hydro power plants - 3.8 GW (13.1%), wind power plants - 3 GW (10 , 4%), photovoltaic power plants - 5 GW (17.3%), including 1 GW with energy storage devices, and nuclear power plants - 2.4 GW (8.3%).
According to the concept, TPPs will produce up to 70.7 billion kWh (58.5%) of electricity, hydroelectric power stations - 13.1 billion kWh (10.8%), power plants - 9.9 billion kWh (8, 2%), wind farms - 8.6 billion kWh (7.1%), nuclear power plants - 18 billion kWh (14.9%) and block stations - 0.6 billion kWh (0.5%).
The country also plans to reduce natural gas consumption from 16.5 billion cubic meters to 12.1 billion cubic meters, as well as reduce losses in electricity transmission to 2.35% and distribution losses - to 6.5% (1.85 times less than the level 2019).
With the development of renewable energy sources, special attention will be paid to affordable energy supply to regions with current electricity shortages.
Renewable energy sources will improve the environmental situation, increase efficiency and stimulate the development of local industries, infrastructure and job creation. In order to accelerate the development of renewable energy in this area, widespread use of public-private partnerships is planned.
To achieve the development indicators of renewable energy, the target parameters of the annually commissioned capacities of renewable energy facilities in 2020-2030 have been determined, providing for the construction of 3 GW of wind and 5 GW of solar power plants.
In wind energy, the main focus will be the creation of large wind farms with a unit capacity of 100-500 MW, most of which will be concentrated in the North-West region (the Republic of Karakalpakstan and Navoi region).
Solar power plants with a capacity of 100-500 MW will be concentrated mainly in the Central and Southern regions (Jizzakh, Samarkand, Bukhara, Kashkadarya and Surkhandarya regions). However, in other regions of the republic solar power plants with a capacity of 50-200 MW will be built. At the same time, large solar photovoltaic power plants (totaling more than 300 MW) will gradually be equipped with industrial-scale energy storage systems to ensure stabilization of changeable 12 generation and peak load regulation.
In the period 2020-2030, it is planned to carry out work on 62 projects in the hydropower industry, including the construction of 35 hydroelectric power stations with a total capacity of 1,537 MW and the modernization of 27 existing hydroelectric power stations with an increase of capacity by 186 MW. As a result, by 2030 the total capacity of the hydroelectric power station will be 3,785 MW, the volume of generated electric energy - 13.1 billion kWh (2.2 times by 2019).