Uzbekistan advocates the development of coordinated approaches to resolving the situation in Afghanistan
Tashkent, Uzbekistan (UzDaily.com) - Speaking at a meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the SCO (on 16-17 September, Dushanbe), President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev paid special attention to solving the crisis in Afghanistan.
In his speech, the Head of Uzbekistan not only assessed the current situation in Afghanistan, but also voiced the priority tasks that contribute to the achievement of peace and stability in the country.
Shavkat Mirziyoyev said that today a new reality has formed in Afghanistan and the Taliban’s coming to power is a fait accompli. In this regard, the head of Uzbekistan stressed the need to develop coordinated approaches to the situation in Afghanistan.
It was emphasized that in interaction with the new authorities of Afghanistan, it is important to be guided by the following key principles: 1) broad political representation of all layers of Afghan society in government; 2) preventing the transformation of Afghanistan into a source of threats of international terrorism and drug trafficking; 3) ensuring the rights of women and national minorities.
The head of Uzbekistan also focused the attention of the Summit participants on preventing a humanitarian crisis.
In this regard, Shavkat Mirziyoyev noted the need to continue social and economic assistance to Afghanistan, as well as unfreeze its state assets located in foreign banks.
For a comprehensive discussion of a political settlement of the situation in Afghanistan, the President of Uzbekistan initiated regular high-level meetings in the SCO and Afghanistan format, noting his readiness to hold the first meeting in Tashkent.
As the study shows, the vision of the President of Uzbekistan for resolving the crisis in Afghanistan is strategic, as well as based on a deep analysis and understanding of the situation, the prospects for its development. This is evidenced by the following:
First, ignoring the current authorities of Afghanistan will further escalate the situation in the country - the emergence of a humanitarian crisis, the intensification of the activities of terrorist organizations, the beginning of a new civil war, the formation of various groups of countries by interests, which will postpone the prospect of achieving peace in Afghanistan;
Second, in order to ensure an inclusive political process, achieve national consensus in Afghanistan, as well as preserve the existing trade, economic, transport, logistics and energy ties, it is necessary to establish a dialogue with the new authorities of Afghanistan.
Realizing this, despite the initial "anti-Taliban rhetoric", most of the regional and world powers involved in resolving the situation in Afghanistan gradually began to interact with the Taliban Movement.
Third, regular contacts at the highest level within the SCO can have a significant impact on the practical solution of the Afghan issue. In this regard, the SCO is a unique Organization, where almost all countries interested in achieving peace and stability in Afghanistan are represented - these are the countries of Central Asia, China, Russia, Pakistan, India (full members), Iran (observer), Turkey (dialogue partner ).
The above countries today are the main trade and economic partners (83% of the total trade), provide energy (80% of imported electricity) and food security of Afghanistan.
In general, the initiatives and proposals of Uzbekistan voiced by President Shavkat Mirziyoyev at the SCO summit once again demonstrates that Uzbekistan remains firmly committed to maintaining friendly and good-neighborly relations with Afghanistan, is interested in an early resolution of the crisis in Afghanistan and the establishment of long-term and sustainable peace in this country.
Deputy Director of the International Institute of Central Asia Bakhtiyor Mustafayev